Modern Languages

Language study teaches you to think critically and analytically, and introduces you to ways in which other cultures construct thought and make meaning. Our courses integrate culture, history, literature, and other creative productions into the learning experience, and introduce you to business discourse.

Courses

Undergraduate Courses

The purpose of this course is to describe the intuitive knowledge that a native speaker of a language possesses, allowing greater insight into the intricacies of human language. Topics include morphology, syntax, semantics, phonetics, phonology, pragmatics, sociolinguistics, language acquisition and change, artificial language, and writing systems. This course is cross-listed with COM 275.
3 Credit Hours

This is Part one of a series of Basic Chinese Language and Culture (CH101 and CH102, 3 credits each) in modern Mandarin Chinese designed for students with no significant background in the language or Chinese culture. The goal is to lay a good foundation for Chinese study and to strive for a well-rounded development of communicative skills and cultural awareness. It comprises two themes: language and culture. The language theme includes basic training on language proficiency, and the culture theme introduces culture norms and customs. Students who successfully complete this series will automatically enter ML CH106.
3 Credit Hours

This is Part Two of a series of Basic Chinese Language and Culture (CH101 and CH102, 3 credits each) in modern Mandarin Chinese designed for students with no significant background in the language or Chinese culture. The goal is to lay a good foundation for Chinese study and to strive for a well-rounded development of communicative skills and cultural awareness. It is comprised of two themes: language and culture. The language theme includes basic training in language proficiency, and the culture theme introduces culture norms and customs. Students who successfully complete this part of the series will automatically enter ML CH106.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: Language Placement Exam

This is Part One of an introductory class in modern Mandarin Chinese designed for students with no significant background in the language. Its goal is to lay a good foundation for Chinese study and to strive for a well-rounded development of communicative skills in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in Mandarin Chinese. It provides basic training in pronunciation and tones, character recognition and production skills, high-frequency vocabulary words, and syntactic structures and usage. The teaching materials are culturally authentic, which introduce the culture norms and customs associated with real-life experience. It helps students understand the culture and society of the target language so that they can use the target language effectively and appropriately. Students who have previous knowledge of Chinese (including local dialects such as Cantonese or Taiwanese) are encouraged to consult the instructor before taking this course. This course includes a laboratory component.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH105 or language placement exam

This is part two of an introductory class in Mandarin Chinese. The emphasis continues to be on speaking, listening, comprehension, basic conversational skills and the Chinese writing system. This course includes a laboratory component.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH106 or language placement exam

Intermediate Chinese Language and Culture I course is designed for students who have successfully completed the beginning level of Mandarin Chinese in the first year. Students who wish to take part in this course without taking ML CH105 and ML CH106 must pass a required Mandarin Chinese Assessment Test or receive special permission by the instructor. Focus on grammatical structures and sentence patterns. Learning Chinese characters and reading comprehension become increasingly important in the second year. The course includes a laboratory component.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH205 or language placement exam

Intermediate Chinese Language and Culture II is a continuation of ML CH205 and is designed for students who have successfully completed the initial intermediate level of Mandarin Chinese. Students who wish to take part in this course without taking ML CH205 must pass a required Mandarin Chinese Assessment Test or receive special permission from the instructor. Focus is on grammatical structures and sentence patterns. Learning Chinese characters and reading comprehension become increasingly important in the second year. The course includes a laboratory component.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH206 or language placement exam

This course is designed for students who have completed ML CH205 and ML CH206 or who tested into ML CH305. The central objective of the course is to develop greater proficiency and skill in the reading and comprehension of Chinese texts in Chinese and oral presentation. Attention will also be given to enhancement of the students' cultural awareness.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH206 or language placement exam

This course is designed for students who have completed ML CH206 or who demonstrate an equivalent level of proficiency. The focus of this course will be the development of oral proficiency and listening skills for a variety of culturally appropriate topics in both formal and informal contexts. Working with edited and authentic audio and video materials in Chinese, students are introduced to culturally and socially important differences between informal (baihua) and formal (shumianyu) registers in spoken Chinese. In-class activities include group discussion, interviewing, formal debate and oral presentation.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH206 and junior standing.

Students in this course engage in individually supervised employment requiring applications of language skills. Job functions include tutoring, translation, interpretation, or any Chinese-related assignments. Students must work at least ten hours per week on the job, meet periodically with a supervising faculty member, and prepare a substantive report on the work experience involved.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH305 and ML CH306 or permission of the instructor.

This course provides an opportunity for advanced Chinese students to do independent, in depth study or research in Chinese. The student works under the direction of a member of the Chinese program. It requires the student to develop a substantial paper.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH305 or equivalent or language placement exam and instructor permission

This is Part Two of the reading and writing course in Chinese, with an emphasis on further improving students' Chinese reading comprehension and writing abilities up to the advanced level. Students will develop Chinese reading strategies, build knowledge and appreciation of Chinese language and culture, understand Chinese social and historical contexts, and cultivate analytical thinking of Chinese literary texts.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH305 or equivalent or language placement exam and instructor permission

Chinese for Business I is intended for students who want to use Chinese in an international business and professional environment. It aims to develop students' Chinese proficiency in the context of international commerce that requires not only adequate language skills but also adequate awareness of socio-cultural and business customs.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH305 or equivalent or language placement exam

This course is a continuation of Chinese for Business I . It aims to expand students' Chinese proficiency in the context of international commerce that requires not only adequate language skills but also adequate awareness of socio-cultural and business customs. For qualified students, this course may be taken as a 500 level graduate content course. Permission of the instructor is required.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH305 or equivalent or language placement exam

This is an advanced course parallel to CH404, Chinese for Business. Its goal is to further develop students' listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills through the use of authentic materials from newspapers, Internet reports, and television programs. Students will improve their understanding of the format and style of journalistic Chinese; have a fair command of the vocabulary, expressions, and structures commonly used in Chinese newspapers and news broadcasts and be able to use them appropriately in both oral and written communications.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH305 or equivalent or language placement exam

This is an introductory course in Chinese linguistics. It is designed for students to grasp some basic knowledge of Chinese linguistic structure, which includes the historical background of the language, phonetic, morphology, writing system, and syntax. It aims to prepare the students for a profession (i.e. Chinese teaching or translation) or more advanced studies in Chinese language, linguistics, or relevant fields from theoretical as well as pedagogical perspectives. For qualified students, this course may be taken as a 500 level graduate content course. Permission of the instructor is required.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH305 or equivalent or language placement exam and instructor permission

This is an advanced Chinese language course. It is designed to improve students' Chinese language proficiency and develop an understanding of contemporary Chinese cinema. During the course of study, students will watch, discuss, and critique the selected films, read authentic Chinese materials, and create their own skits. The course will prepare them to pursue a China-related profession or live and work in China.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH305 or ML CH306

This course is designed to improve students' Chinese language proficiency and develop the appreciation of Chinese literature and culture through intensive reading of representative works of Chinese classical and modern literature. By reading these works and examining the minds of major Chinese writers, students are expected to savor the ingenuity of Chinese literature, to conjure up pictures of Chinese culture, society and history, and to understand the Chinese conception of the evolving relationship between literature and culture.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH305 or equivalent or language placement exam

This course is designed to give advanced Chinese language Chinese language students the opportunity to explore the modern Chinese literature and culture through intensive reading of representative works of Chinese modern literature. By reading these works and examining the minds of major Chinese writers, students are expected to savor the ingenuity of Chinese literature, to conjure up pictures of Chinese culture, society and history, and to understand the Chinese conception of the evolving relationship between literature and culture.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH305 and ML CH306 or permission of instructor.

This course provides an opportunity for advanced Chinese students to do independent, in depth study or research in Chinese. The student works under the direction of a member of the Chinese program. It requires the student to develop a substantial paper.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: Language Placement Exam

This course is designed for students who have little or no background in French language. By the end of the term, students will have gained a basic understanding of French, which will allow them to ask and answer questions on a variety of simple topics. Students will also gain knowledge of French culture and society. This course includes a laboratory component.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML FR105 or language placement exam

This course is a continuation of ML FR105. It is open to students who have successfully completed ML FR105 or who have scored the appropriate number of points on the French placement exam. The primary focus of the course is to develop elementary skills and cultural awareness. This course includes a laboratory component.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML FR106 or language placement exam

The focus of this course is the mastery of grammatical structures and development of communicative skills beyond the elementary level through in-class exercises and outside assignments and reading and analysis of short texts. This course includes a laboratory component.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML FR205 or language placement exam

This course is a continuation of ML - FR205. The focus of this course is to complete the study of grammatical structures and continue to work on the communicative and writing skills through structured in-class exercises and discussions, as well as through a broad range of outside assignments. This course includes a laboratory component.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML FR206 or language placement exam

This course, taught in French, is designed to improve the student's written French. It reinforces the language skills presented in earlier level courses through analysis of different styles of reading materials, including poems, literature excerpts, newspapers, magazines and films. The emphasis is on texts and contexts of culture, whether in France or other Francophone areas.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML FR206 or language placement exam

Having already acquired the basics of French grammar and an intermediate competency in writing, students will deepen and solidify their knowledge of both written and oral skills. In-class activities will include role-plays, debates, interviews, exposes, discussions and weekly writing workshops.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML FR305 or placement exam

This course is an introduction to French literature and cultural studies. Cultural analysis will include discussion of French literature, history, art, politics, geography, immigration and gender issues. The media (newspapers, magazines, TV programs, films and popular music) will be an important part in the study of contemporary France, but students will also read excerpts of writers who represent the changing French identity in the European and Global perspective. Students will have the opportunity to improve their command of the language through discussion and exposes.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML FR206 and junior standing.

Students in this course engage in individually supervised employment requiring applications of language skills. Job functions include tutoring, translation, interpretation, or any French-related assignments. Students must work at least ten hours per week on the job, meet periodically with a supervising faculty member, and prepare a substantive report on the work experience involved.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML FR305 or the permission of the instructor.

This course provides an opportunity for advanced French students to do independent, in depth study or research in French. The student works under the direction of a member of the French program. The main requirement of the course is the development of a substantial paper or project.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML FR206 or language placement exam

In this course, students will explore questions of memory, migration, exile, gender and sexual identities in Francophone literature. The texts will be drawn from the early twentieth century to contemporary postcolonial authors. Students will read texts by authors from places such as Algeria, Morocco, Djibouti (East Africa), Madagascar, Haiti, Guadeloupe and Quebec.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML FR206 or language placement exam

French for Business is intended for students who will want to use French in an international business and professional environment. It aims to develop students' French proficiency in the context of international commerce that requires not only adequate language skills but also adequate awareness of socio-cultural and business customs.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML FR305 or equivalent

French Theater has long been one of the most dynamic expressions of French culture, following (or creating) artistic and political trends that reverberate throughout society on all levels. Students will gain an understanding of 20th century theater movements which reflect the language, politics, and literary movements of their respective eras. Course to be taught in French.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML FR305 or equivalent

This course taught in French, focuses on representative works of French literature, as well as their cinematic adaptations. We will examine how these works portray the values, meanings, and literary and cinematic movements of their respective eras, authors, and directors.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML FR305 or permission of instructor.

This course provides an opportunity for advanced French students to do independent, in depth study or research in French. The student works under the direction of a member of the French program. The main requirement of the course is the development of a substantial paper or project.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: Language Placement Exam

The purpose of this course is to introduce students to Italian language and culture. This course is designed for students who have little or no background in Italian. The course will be taught with a communicative approach: hence, class time will focus on utilizing the materials being studied in a conversational and contextualized atmosphere in Italian. This course includes a laboratory component.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML IT105 or language placement exam

This course is designed for students who have successfully completed ML IT105 or placed into ML IT106. The primary focus of the course is to develop further elementary-level communication skills and cultural awareness. The course includes a laboratory component.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML IT106 or language placement exam

This course is designed for students who have successfully completed ML IT106 or were placed in the ML IT205 course by examination. The primary focus of the course is the mastery of grammatical structures and development of communication skills beyond the elementary level through in-class exercises and outside assignments of reading and analysis of short texts. This course includes a laboratory component.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML IT205 or language placement exam

This course is a continuation of ML IT205. Students will continue to improve their comprehension of Italian through readings and conversation, and by expressing themselves in writing. They will complete the study of grammatical structures, and will continue to develop a greater awareness of Italian culture and society. There is a lab component.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML IT206 or language placement exam

This course is designed to reinforce the language skills presented in earlier level courses. Extensive reading and numerous writing assignments will improve student's level of proficiency. The emphasis is on texts and contexts of modern Italian culture (poems, literature excerpts, newspapers, magazine articles and films).
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML IT206 or language placement exam

Engaging reading and writing assignments will assist students in gaining fluency and accuracy, advance their communicative competence in Italian, and increase their cultural awareness. Class time will be spent discussing the readings and contextual ideas in Italian.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML IT206 or language placement exam

The course provides students with a deeper look into Italian authors, their works as well as their time periods. All material will derive from the author's works studied, as well as additional class handouts. In-class activities will include role-plays, debates, discussions and weekly writing workshops. These challenging reading and writing assignments will assist students in gaining fluency in grammar and advance competency in Italian, as well as increase their cultural awareness. This course is taught with a communicative approach; therefore, class time will be spent discussing the readings and contextual ideas in Italian.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML IT206 and junior standing.

Students in this course engage in individually supervised employment requiring applications of language skills. Job functions include tutoring, translation, interpretation, or any Italian-related assignments. Students must work at least ten hours per week on the job, meet periodically with a supervising faculty member, and prepare a substantive report on the work experience involved.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML IT305 or higher or the permission of the instructor.

This course is designed for advanced students to complete an independent, in depth study or research in Italian. The student is under the direction of an Italian faculty member in the Italian program. A substantial paper or project is the main requirement for this course.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML IT305 or language placement exam

This course is designed for students who have completed ML IT305. The primary focus of the course is to study a variety of cultural products including television, film and periodicals.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML IT206 or language placement exam

Italian for Business is intended for students who will want to use Italian in an international business and professional environment. It aims to develop students' Italian proficiency in the context of international commerce that requires not only adequate language skills but also adequate awareness of socio-cultural and business customs.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML IT305 or higher or the permission of the instructor.

This course is designed for advanced students to complete an independent, in depth study or research in Italian. The student is under the direction of an Italian faculty member in the Italian program. A substantial paper or project is the main requirement for this course.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: Language Placement Exam

This course is designed for students who have less than two years of high school Spanish or who were placed into SP105. The course concentrates on developing communicative and intercultural competence in Spanish. Cultural topics include daily life and cuisine in the Spanish-speaking world, Spanish as a world language, and mestizo heritage. This course includes a laboratory component.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP105 or language placement exam

This course is designed for students who have successfully completed ML SP105 or placed into ML- SP106. The primary focus of the course is to develop further elementary-level communication skills and cultural awareness. The course includes a laboratory component.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP106

This course is intended for International Business students who have taken ML SP106. The course emphasizes language proficiency as well as business knowledge and business culture. It is designed as an alternative to ML SP205 to prepare students with low intermediate proficiency in Spanish for internships abroad.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP203

This course is intended for International Business students who have taken ML SP203. The course emphasizes language proficiency as well as business knowledge and business culture. It is designed to prepare students with intermediate proficiency in Spanish for internships abroad.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP106 or language placement exam

This course is designed for students who have successfully completed ML SP106 or were placed in the ML SP205 course by examination. The primary focus of the course is to develop intermediate-level communication skills and cultural awareness. This course includes a laboratory component.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP205 or language placement exam

This course is a continuation of ML SP205. It is designed for students who have successfully completed Introduction to Spanish I and II and Intermediate Spanish I, or were placed into ML SP206 by examination. The primary focus of this course is to develop further intermediate- level skills and cultural awareness. This course includes a laboratory component.
4 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP206

This course is intended for International Business students who have taken SP206 as sophomores. The course emphasizes language proficiency as well as general business knowledge and business culture. It is designed to prepare students with high intermediate proficiency in Spanish for business internships abroad.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP206 or ML SP204 or language placement exam

This course is designed for students who have completed ML SP206 or ML SP204 or were placed into ML SP305. The primary focus of the course is to develop reading and writing skills beyond the intermediate level while expanding students' cultural awareness. This course is a requirement for the minor.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: Language Placement Exam

This course is designed to address the specific linguistic needs of students who have had extensive exposure to Spanish at home and/or in their US-Latino community. It focuses on development of grammatical and writing skills through the examination of topics of interest to the Latino communities.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP304, ML SP305 or ML SP306 or language placement

This course is designed for students who have completed ML SP304, ML SP305 or ML SP306. the primary focus of the course is to develop conversation and writing skills at the advanced-level while expanding students' cultural awareness.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP304, ML SP305 or ML SP306 or language placement exam

The primary focus of the course is to introduce a variety of literary works written in Spanish, and study these within their social, political and historical contexts.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP304, ML SP305 or ML SP306 or language placement exam

Film is not merely a form of entertainment, rather it reflects, and influences the values of the societies and cultures which it portrays. Students will study social and historical topics through the lens of cinema from Spain, Argentina, Mexico and other Spanish-speaking countries.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP304, ML SP305 or ML SP306 or language placement exam

ML SP310 is a multi-media course designed to provide you with the background you will need to understand the cultures of Spain, Spanish America, and those of the growing Latino population of the United States.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP206 and junior standing.

Students in this course engage in individually supervised employment requiring applications of language skills. Job functions include tutoring, translation, interpretation, or any Spanish-related assignments. Students must work at least ten hours per week on the job, meet periodically with a supervising faculty member, and prepare a substantive report on the work experience involved.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP305 or ML SP306 or permission of instructor.

The course provides an opportunity for advanced Spanish students to do independent, in depth study or research in Spanish. The student works under the direction of a member of the Spanish program. The main requirement of the course is the development of a substantial paper or project.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP304, ML SP305 or ML SP306 or permission of instructor

This course is designed for students who have completed ML SP304, ML SP305 or ML SP306. The primary focus of the course is to study a variety of cultural products including film, painting, textile, religion, literature, music and ceramics and their social, political and historical contexts. For qualified students, this course may be taken as a 500 level graduate content course. Permission of the instructor is required.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP304, ML SP305 or ML SP306 or language placement exam

This course is designed for students who have completed ML SP304, ML SP305 or ML SP306. The primary focus of the course is to introduce students to the specific vocabulary in Business, increase students' awareness - particularly in a business environment and provide practical information designed for business professionals to conduct business in Spanish speaking societies.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP304, ML SP305 or ML SP306 or language placement exam

The purpose of this course is to describe the intuitive knowledge that a native speaker of Spanish possesses, allowing advanced level students to gain greater insight into the intricacies of Spanish grammar and improved accuracy in their use of Spanish. For qualified students, this course may be taken as a 500 level graduate content course. Permission of the instructor is required.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP304, ML SP305 or ML SP306 or language placement exam

This course is a theoretical and practical approach to the phonetics and phonology of Spanish. Students will engage in comprehension and sound discrimination practice and transcription exercises, with attention to correct pronunciation and conceptual analysis. For qualified students, this course may be taken as a 500 level graduate content course. Permission of the instructor is required.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP304, ML SP305 or ML SP306 or permission of the instructor

This course will explore contemporary social issues in the Spanish-speaking world through the lens of literature and film. Each unit will explore a different topic such as immigration, minority groups, race, religion, social status, ecology and gender identity, and will include literary selections and films by prominent women writers and filmmakers of the Spanish-speaking world.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML SP304, ML SP305 or ML SP306 or permission of the instructor.

This course provides an opportunity for advanced Spanish students to do independent, in depth study or research in Spanish. The student works under the direction of a member of the Spanish program. The main requirement of the course is the development of a substantial paper or project.
3 Credit Hours

Graduate Courses

This is an advanced Chinese course in the context of international and China-related business. It is designed for students who are interested in doing business with Chinese speaking communities and intended to further improve their Chinese language proficiency and business expertise. The course level is above CH405, i.e., for those who have successfully completed at least three years of formal study of Chinese at college. This is a 500 level graduate content course. Permission of the instructor is required.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH404

This is a dual course at the advanced level (CH407/507) focused on the linguistic structure of Chinese language. It is designed for students who intend to extend knowledge and competence in Chinese language and linguistics, and to pursue a career in teaching Chinese as a foreign/second language. The course is above CH404 (Chinese for Business I), i.e. for those who have successfully completed at least three years of formal study of Chinese at college, or who have an equivalent or higher Chinese linguistic competence. Students who have not taken Chinese 404 at Bryant University should consult with the instructor before taking this course.
3 Credit Hours

Prerequisites: ML CH505 or permission of instructor.

This course provides an opportunity for graduate Chinese students to do in-depth study and independent research on Chinese linguistics. The student(s) works under the direction of a member of the Chinese program. It requires the student to develop a substantial research paper.
3 Credit Hours

This is graduate-level Chinese course in the context of teaching Chinese as a foreign language. It is designed for students who are interested in pursuing a profession of teaching Chinese in the United States. The course level is designed for students who have successfully completed a B.A. degree in Chinese or relevant field.
3 Credit Hours

This course will explore the history of Latin America and the various cultural influences including those of Spain and indigenous cultures on the modern day societies of its countries. We will examine the role of women, the influence of religion, sciences, and education as well as cultural expressions such as film, music, art, food and more. This is a 500 level graduate course. Instructor permission is required.
3 Credit Hours

The purpose of this course is to describe the intuitive knowledge that a native speaker of Spanish possess, allowing advanced level students to gain greater insight into the intricacies of Spanish grammar and improved accuracy in their use of Spanish. This is a 500 level graduate course. Permission of instructor is required.
3 Credit Hours

This course is a theoretical and practical approach to the phonetics and phonology of Spanish. Students will engage in comprehension and sound discrimination practice and transcription exercises, with attention to correct pronunciation and conceptual analysis. This is a 500 level graduate content course. Permission of the instructor is required.
3 Credit Hours