## Mathematics

Through academic excellence, we provide the theoretical foundation for critical thinking in quantitative problem solving and reasoning. We help students to develop their ability to effectively communicate mathematics, and prepare them for success in a career in actuarial mathematics, applied mathematics, applied statistics, or other profession.

# Courses

### Requirements for:

These links open in the online course catalog.

#### Undergraduate Courses

Prerequisites: Math Placement Exam

MATH 101 is a pre-calculus course. Topics covered will include linear functions, power functions, graphical concepts, quadratic functions, rational functions, and exponential and logarithmic functions. In addition, there will be an extensive review of algebraic concepts. It is expected that, upon completion of this course, students will be prepared to take MATH 110. This course does not fulfill a Mathematics requirement.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: Math Placement Exam

MATH 110 is an applied mathematics course. Although it is weighted more heavily toward calculus and its applications, many pre-calculus topics will be reviewed prior to the corresponding calculus topic. Topics covered will include differentiation, integration, curve sketching and optimization techniques. Applications are keyed to management, economics, finance, and the social and natural sciences. A brief unit on Mathematics of Finance will also be covered.
* 3 Credit Hours*

This is the first course for Actuarial Mathematics, Applied Math and Statistics, Applied Economics, Biology and Environmental Science majors, and those concentrating in Applied Statistics. The course is also recommended for the math minors. Topics include limits, continuity, derivatives, and integrals, along with their application to the Mean Value Theorem, curve sketching and optimization, the calculus of transcendental functions, and area between curves.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: MATH 121

This course is a continuation of MATH 121, designed for Actuarial Mathematics, Applied Math and Statistics, Applied Economics, Biology and Environmental Science majors, and those concentrating in Applied Statistics. It is recommended for the math minors also. Topics include L'Hopital's Rule, the calculus involving inverse trigonometric functions, integration methods, modeling with differential equations, geometric series, MacLaurin and Taylor Polynomials and Series, introduction to partial derivatives and multiple integrals.
* 3 Credit Hours*

This course is an intensive study of mathematics that can be applied in business and finance. Topics include simple and ordinary interest, simple bank discount, compound interest, simple and complex annuities, annuities in perpetuity, and geometrically varying annuities. The mathematics for determining present value, future amount, and periodic annuity payments is developed. Further, the concepts of exponential and logarithmic functions are presented in order to be able to determine time duration. The students are shown interest rates in annuities, which cannot be determined explicitly by algebraic methods but can be determined by use of Goal Seek function in Excel. Fundamental linear programming and breakeven models (that include time delayed revenue and borrowed funds) are also presented. Students that receive credit for MATH 110 or MATH 110 Honors cannot receive credit for MATH 129.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: MATH 110 or equivalent

In this course students are taught the concepts necessary for statistical analysis and inference. Topics include descriptive statistics, classical probability, probability distributions, confidence intervals, and hypothesis testing, chi-square analysis, simple linear regression and correlation.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: MATH 122

This course is the third of three calculus courses required of actuarial and applied mathematics and statistics majors. Topics include the conic sections, circles, parabolas, ellipses, and hyperbolas, polar coordinates, vectors and vector-valued functons, functions of more than one variable dealing with partial derivatives with its mathematical applications and the calculation of double and triple integrals.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: MATH 121

This course is an introduction to the topic of Linear Algebra. The topics covered will include the study of matrices, determinants, vector spaces, subspaces, row and column spaces, null spaces, linear transformations, and eigenvalues and eigenvectors.
* 3 Credit Hours*

This course introduces the foundations of discrete mathematics as they apply to information technology, focusing on providing a solid theoretical foundation for further work. Topics include propositional logic, sets, growth of functions, simple proof techniques, elementary number theory, counting techniques, relations and graph theory.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: MATH 201

A continuation of MATH 201, this course provides students further concepts necessary for statistical analysis and inference. Topics include analysis of variance, multiple regression and correlation, model building, chi-square tests, and nonparametric statistics.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: MATH 201 or AM 230

This course introduces students to the use of Microsoft Visual Basic behind Excel spreadsheets. Students are taught to write computer programs based on specified criteria. Excel functions and Goal Seek are used in a variety of applied project assignments. Topics typically include simulation, mathematical distributions, and statistical analyses. Additional topics may include writing of stand-alone programs with Visual Basic forms, manipulation of data in Excel or Microsoft Access, and/or the use of statistical packages such as SAS.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: Junior standing and approval by a supervising faculty member and the department chair.

Applied mathematics and/or statistics internships give students the opportunity for supervised employment in an area where they can apply their theories and principles. Interns work at least ten hours a week, meet periodically with a supervising faculty member, conduct research on their field of employment, and prepare a substantive report on work experience and research.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: MATH 201 or permission of the instructor

This course will cover topics such as divisibility, prime numbers, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic, Euclid's Algorithm, Pascal's Triangle, Fibonacci numbers, congruences and residue classes, Diophantine equations, Euler's Phi Function, Fermat's Last Theorem, and Pythagorean Triples. A major application in the course will be to Cryptography. For qualified students, this course may be taken as a 500 level graduate content course. Permission of the instructor is required.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: MATH 350 or AM 332

This course covers the application of R in a wide range of subjects in data analysis. The statistical topics include descriptive statistics; hypothesis testing; probability distribution; Bayesian statistics; predictive modelling; and unsupervised learning. Students will also learn how to write functions in R, Rmarkdown, and various R famous packages such as ggplot2, caret, mosaic, dplyr.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: MATH 110 or permission of instructor

Since the time of Euclid (330 BC) the study of Geometry has been regarded as s foundation of western education and the preferred context in which to teach young adults the purpose and value of logical thinking. This course is offered to provide undergraduate and graduate level mathematics education students and others an introduction to and a mastery of both the classical and analytic aspects of Euclidean Geometry. The ideas of point, line, plane, triangle, quadrilaterals, parallelism and lack of it, similarity, congruence, area, volume and Loci will be formally presented through an axiomatic method using definitions, postulates and geometric proofs. The structure, the pedagogy and the presentation of the above topics will also be emphasized throughout the course. For qualified students, this course may be taken as a 500 level graduate content course. Permission of the instructor is required.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: MATH 350 or AM 332 or ECO 210 or ECO 315

This course provides an introduction to SAS programming. It also covers statistical applications utilizing both SAS and Enterprise Guide. Some of the topics covered in the first part of this course include: reading raw data files and SAS data sets; investigating and summarizing data by generating frequency tables and descriptive statistics; creating SAS variables and recoding data values; subsetting data; combining multiple SAS files; creating listing, summary, HTML, and graph reports; managing SAS data set input and output, working with different data types, and manipulating data. In the second part of the course, we apply SAS and Enterprise Guide to the analysis of data using the topics of ANOVA, regression, and logistic regression. For qualified students, this course may be taken as a 500 level graduate content course. Permission of the instructor is required.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: MATH 201 or AM 231

This course provides an introduction to the concepts and methods of Decision Science, which involves the application of mathematical modeling to problems of decision making under uncertainty. It also provides a foundation in modeling with spreadsheets. Topics include linear programming, goal programming, nonlinear programming, decision analysis, and simulation.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: MATH 350 or AM 332

Employing SAS Enterprise Miner software with real-world case studies, this course introduces students to the current theories, practices, statistical tools and techniques in "data mining," which embodies cutting-edge methods to reveal competitive insight, market advantage, and strategic opportunities. This course will cover the most useful statistical tools in data mining such as cluster analysis, logistic regression, classification trees, and neural networks. In addition, a comprehensive real-world data project will be required along with a presentation to the class and other interested parties of key aspects of the project with an analysis of the results. For qualified students, this course may be taken as a 500 level graduate content course. Permission of the instructor is required.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: MATH 350 or AM 332

After a brief review of multiple regression and analysis of variance, students are introduced to multivariate statistical techniques including principal components analysis, factor analysis, cluster analysis, discriminant analysis, logistic regression and multivariate analysis of variance. This course will emphasize practical applications rather than theory. The computer package SAS will be used for analysis. For qualified students, this course may be taken as a 500 level graduate content course. Permission of the instructor is required.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: MATH 350 or AM 332

This course is an introduction to the design and analysis of statistical experiments. It will cover the main elements of statistical thinking in the context of experimental design and ANOVA. Students will learn to choose sound and suitable design structures and also how to explore real data sets using a variety of graphs and numerical methods and analyze these data sets from designed experiments and reach justifiable conclusions based on the analyses. This will be an applied course and will utilize the SAS statistical package. This is a SAS Certified class. For qualified students, this course may be taken as a 500 level graduate content course. Permission of the instructor is required.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: MATH 350 or AM 332

This course will include an in-depth review of applied analytical approaches, challenges, and solutions. A hands-on approach will be emphasized throughout the semester. A brief review of analytical techniques through material covered in MATH 350 or AM 332 will be included, as well as an introduction to further analytical tools such as multivariate analysis, predictive modeling, time series analysis and survey analysis. SAS Enterprise Guide Software will be introduced and utilized for applying hand-on analysis to real world data problems. This is a SAS Certified course. For qualified students, this course may be taken as a 500 level graduate content course. Permission of the instructor is required.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: AM 231 or MATH 350

This course introduces a number of statistical methods beyond the elementary level and combines theory with application. The goal is for the student to develop the ability to compare and contrast a number of statistical methods focusing on their application to the sports industry. A major component of this course is to understand the strengths and weaknesses of various statistical methods.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: Senior standing and permission of the instructor

The students will be required to research and write an applied mathematical or statistical thesis, and make oral presentations of the results. This course will develop the student's research skills and ability to write and present applied mathematical or statistical topics. Projects that solve problems of an interdisciplinary nature are encouraged.
* 3 Credit Hours*

This is an opportunity for students to do independent, in-depth research for academic credit. The student works on an individual basis under the direction of a member of the mathematics department. The main requirement of the course is the development of a substantial paper or project.* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: Math Placement exam

MATH 110 is an applied mathematics course. Although it is weighted more heavily toward calculus and its applications, many pre-calculus topics will be reviewed prior to the corresponding calculus topic. Topics covered will include differentiation, integration, curve sketching and optimization techniques. Applications are keyed to management, economics, finance, and the social and natural sciences. A brief unit on Mathematics of Finance will also be covered. This course meets five days a week.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: MATH 110 or equivalent

In this course students are taught the concepts necessary for statistical analysis and inference. Topics include descriptive statistics, classical probability, probability distributions, confidence intervals, and hypothesis testing, chi-square analysis, simple linear regression and correlation. This course meets five days a week.
* 3 Credit Hours*

#### Graduate Courses

This course will cover topics such as divisibility, prime numbers, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic, Euclid's Algorithm, Pascal's Triangle, Fibonacci numbers, congruences and residue classes, Diophantine equations, Euler's Phi Function, Fermat's Last Theorem, and Pythagorean Triples. A major application in the course will be to Cryptography. This is a 500 level graduate course. Permission of instructor may be required.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Since the time of Euclid (330 BC) the study of Geometry has been regarded as a foundation of western education and the preferred context in which to teach young adults the purpose and value of logical thinking. This course offered to provide undergraduate level mathematics education students and others and introduction to and a mastery of both the classical and analytic aspects of Euclidean Geometry. The ideas of point, line, plane, triangle, quadrilaterals, parallelism and lack of it, similarity, congruence, area, volume and Loci will be formally presented through an axiomatic method using definitions, postulates and geometric proofs. The structure, the pedagogy and the presentation of the above topics will also be emphasized throughout the course. This is a 500 level graduate course. Permission of instructor is required.
* 3 Credit Hours*

This course provides an introduction to SAS programming and covers the material required for the SAS Base Programming Exam. The first part of this course focuses on the following key areas: reading raw data files and SAS data sets; investigating and summarizing data by generating frequency tables and descriptive statistics; creating SAS variables and recoding data values; subsetting data; combining multiple SAS files; creating listing, summary, HTML, and graph reports. The second part of this course focuses on how to manage SAS data set input and output, work with different data types, and manipulate data. Specifically, this part of the course discusses using the DATA step to control SAS data set input and output, combine SAS data sets, summarize data, process data iteratively with DO loops and arrays, and perform data manipulations and transformations. A comprehensive real-world data project is required along with a presentation to the class and other interested parties of key aspects of the project with an analysis of the results. This is a 500 level graduate course. Permission of instructor may be required.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: 2 semesters of statistics equivalent to MATH 201 and MATH 350.

This course introduces students to the current theories, practices, statistical tools and techniques in "data mining," which embodies cutting-edge methods to reveal competitive insight, market advantage and strategic opportunities by employing SAS Enterprise Miner software with real-world case studies. This course will cover the most useful statistical tools in data mining such as cluster analysis, logistic regression, classification trees, and neural networks. In addition, a comprehensive real-world data project will be required along with a presentation to the class and other interested parties of key aspects of the project with an analysis of the results. This is a 500 level graduate course and permission of the instructor is required.
* 3 Credit Hours*

After a review of ANOVA, the course covers analysis of covariance, discriminant analysis, principal components and factor analysis, multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), logistic regression, and cluster analysis. SAS is used throughout the course. A major project that entails analyzing "real" multivariate datasets along with a formal report and presentation of the results will be required. This is a 500 level graduate course. Instructor permission may be required.
* 3 Credit Hours*

Prerequisites: Two semesters of statistics equivalent to our MATH 201 and MATH 350.

The objective of this course is to familiarize students with fundamental concepts in the design and statistical analysis of experiments using Analysis of Variance. Several analysis of variance models will be introduced including Between-Subject (Random-Measures) designs, Within-Subject (Repeated Measures) designs, Factorial designs, and Mixed designs. Students will learn how to choose an appropriate design. Additional topics will be addressed including multiple comparison procedures, power considerations, sample size, and checking assumptions. SAS will be utilized for the statistical analysis and the course will be approved for one of the four courses necessary for SAS certification. A thorough understanding of the methods, concepts, and interpretation of results will be emphasized. Students will design and analyze an experiment as part of the course. This is 500 level graduate course and permision of the instructor is required.
* 3 Credit Hours*

This course will include an in depth preview of applied analytical approaches, challenges, and solutions. A hands-on approach will be emphasized throughout the semester. A brief review of analytical techniques through material covered in MATH 350 or AM 332 will be included, as well as an introduction to further analytical tools such as multivariate analysis, predictive modeling, time series analysis and survey analysis. SAS Enterprise Guide Software will be introduced and utilized for applying hands-on analysis to real world data problems. The course is project focused and 100% of the students' grade will be based on three projects. This is a 500 level graduate course. Instructor permission may be required.
* 3 Credit Hours*